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                                                        Table View - Cape Town - South Africa - Tel: 021 556 0146  or  Chris @ 074 240 6404

 

                                                                                              

                                                                                                WHO IS GOD - THE FATHER?

God the Father is a Spiritual Being with a tangible glorified body, meaning he can walk through doors and walls like Jesus did after He rose from the dead. This is a teaching on God the Father not God the Holy Spirit. We will be doing God the Holy Spirit later. Man was created to the image of God, Genesis 1:26-27, The Hebrew word ‘Tselem’ is used here meaning ‘shape’ or ‘body’. Ezekiel 1:26-28; 1Corinthians 11:7, ‘For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man’. James 3:9. We learn from these scriptures that God has a body like that of a man. Genesis 1:26, teaches that man was created in God’s bodily image. In Ezekiel 1:26, God is described as having the appearance of a man, and in James 3:9 the phrase similitude of God means made like, outward or bodily image, same as 1Corinthians 11:7. If man was created in God’s bodily image, then God’s body is like that of a man. He has bodily presence, Genesis 3:8; 32:24. Adam and Eve tried to hide from God’s face, in Genesis 3:8.

God has bodily parts : heart, Genesis 6:6; 8:21; feet, Exodus 24:10; Daniel 10:5-6; Revelation 1:12-16; mouth, Exodus 33:11; Numbers 12:8; Revelation 1:12-16; face, Exodus 33:20, 23; Revelation 22:3-5; hands, fingers, Exodus 33:22-23; Psalms 8:3-6; Ezekiel 8:1-4; Revelation 1:12-16; 5:1; back parts, Exodus 33:23; eyes, Psalms 11:4; 18:24; 33:18; Proverbs 5:21; 15:3; Revelation 1:12-16; ears, Psalm 18:6; 34:15; James 5:4; lips and tongue, Psalms 89:34; Isa 30:27; loins, Ezekiel 1:26-28; 8:1-4; Daniel 10:5; hair, head and arms, Daniel 7:9; 10:5-6; Revelation 1:12-16. God also has a voice, Exodus 33:11; Psalm 29:3-9; Revelation 1:26.  

It should be noted here that those who saw God in the Old Testament did not see Him face to face in His glory. In Genesis 18, Abraham saw Him in human form, as also did Jacob in Genesis 32, Joshua in Joshua 5, Gideon in Judges 6, Samson’s parents in Judges 13, and David in 1 Chronicles 21. The seventy four also saw Him in Exodus 24, but not face to face in His glory. No man has seen, nor can see, God face to face in His glory, because scriptures teach that He dwells in light so bright, no man can approach it, Exodus 24:17; 33:18-23; 1 Timothy 6:16, teaches that the glory of the Lord as seen with human eyes is like a consuming fire, Exodus 40:34-35; Numbers 20:6; 1Kings 8:10-11; 2 Chronicles 5:13-14; 7:1-2; Ezekiel 1:28; 3:22-23; 43:2-3; 44:4. We learn from all these scriptures that the reason no man has seen God face to face in His glory is because no one could endure the spectacular purity of His essential nature. When Moses asked God to show him His glory in Exodus 33:18-23, God replied that he could only see His back parts, for no one could see His face - in His glory, and live. Only Jesus has seen God face to face in His glory, and it is only through Jesus that one can see God’s essential nature John 1:18.

In the New Testament there is only one main word for God the Father; ‘Theos’, which means ‘Deity’, the supreme God, Matthew 1:23; 3:9, 16; 4:3-10; 5:8, etc. Theos is used nearly one thousand three hundred times in the Bible. The only other word used for God in the New Testament is ‘Kurios’, which means supreme in authority, Lord, Master. It is used only once Acts 19:20. In most other places in the New Testament Kurios is used for both God and Jesus as Lord, Mark 12:29-30, 36-37; Luke 6:5, and Jesus as ‘Master’ John 13:13-14.

1. God the Father is triune; three-in-one, Trinity. Scriptures teach that there are three distinct and separate co-equal and co-eternal members of the Godhead; God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit Matthew 3:16-17; Mark 1:9-11; Luke 3:21-22; John 1:29-34. It should be stressed here that although there is a plurality of persons in the Godhead, they all function as one 1 Corinthians 12:4-6; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Ephesians 2:17-18; 4:4-6; 2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 with 1 John 5:6-7. One in 1 John 5:6-7 means one in unity, not in number, John 17:5, And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was. See John 17 21, “That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one: I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me”. This oneness, while clearly emphasizing the plurality of persons in the Godhead, is plainly expressed in the baptismal formula Jesus gave to the church before being taken up to heaven Matthew 28:19. Name here is singular, proving the oneness in unity of all three members of the Godhead it includes, although each one individually is God. People miss a point here baptizing and submerging three times, they split the trinity. The Father is God John 4:21-24; Romans 1:7; 1 Corinthians 8:6. The Son is God Isaiah 7:14 and 9:6 with Matthew 1:23; John 1:1-2; 20:26-28; 1 Corinthians 15:45-47; Philippians 2:5-8; 1 Timothy 3:16; Titus 2:13-14; Hebrews 1:8; 1 John 5:20. The Holy Spirit is God Isaiah 6:8-11 with Acts 28:25-28; 5:3-4; 1 Corinthians 2:10-12; 3:16; 2 Corinthians 3:17-18; Hebrews 9:14.

The very first verse in the Bible indicates that a plurality of persons exist in the Godhead because ‘Elohim’ is the Hebrew word  God, which is a plural noun. Its significance becomes more evident as we read further Genesis 1:26; 3:22; 11:6-7; Isaiah 6:8. These plural pronouns also stress a plurality of persons in the Godhead John 14:23. Elohim is used over two thousand seven hundred times in the Old Testament, proving that many times that there is more than one person in the Godhead.

2. God the Father is infinite; has no time limit in His existence, Psalms 90:2; Isaiah 57:15. Here God is infinite in time. He is an eternal being 1 Kings 8:27. Meaning that God the Father existed before time even started. He was forever and He will be forever.

3. God the Father is omnipresent; everywhere. In His essential nature as Spiritual Being, God is not limited to one place. Unrestricted by any bounds, God fills and transcends time and space 1 Kings 8:27; 2 Chronicles 6:18; Psalm 139:7-12; Jeremiah 23:23-24; Matthew 18:20; 28:30; Acts 17:24-28. Without bounds and limits God fills the universe in all its parts and is everywhere at once. Not a part, but the all of God is present in every place, Isaiah 6:3. Although God is transcendent; different and independent from His creation, He has never excluded Himself from living among His people, Exodus 29:45; Leviticus 26:11-12; Ezekiel 37:27; 43:7; 1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:19; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Ephesians 2:19-22; Hebrews 3:4-6.

4. God the Father is omnipotent; He is all powerful, Job 9:4; 42:2; Psalms 147:5; Jeremiah 5:14; Ephesians 3:20; Revelation 11:16-17; 15:2-3; 19:6, 15. Scriptures call Him Almighty God, God Almighty, the Almighty, the Lord Almighty, the Lord God Almighty, Genesis 17:1; 28:3; 49:25; 2 Corinthians 6:18; Revelation 21:22. God has ultimate authority over all things, 1Chronicles 29:10-12; Psalms 147:12-18.

5. God the Father is omniscient; all knowing, Hebrews 4:13, ‘Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do’. Omniscience is the power of knowing the thoughts and intents of every heart. Acts 2:23; 15:18; Romans 11:33. God sees and knows everything, past, present and future, Genesis 6:5; Job 23:10; Psalms 34:15-16; 90:8; 139:1-6; 147:5; Proverbs 15:3, 11; Isaiah 46:9-10; Matthew 6:4, 8; 1 Peter 3:12. God’s knowledge is absolute, 1 Samuel 2:3; 16:17; 1 Kings 8:39; Job 37:16; Psalms 44:21; Proverbs 16:2; 21:2; 24:12; Romans 2:11-16; 1 Corinthians 3:11-15; 2 Corinthians 5:10.

6. God the Father is love; 1 John 4:8, 16. ‘He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love.’ Verse 16, And we have known and believed the love that God hath to us. God is love; and he that dwelleth in love dwelleth in God, and God in him’. This is the nature of God in His Divine compassion. This love is considered by some to be a moral attribute of God, but it is His essential nature expressed in Him given his only begotten Son, Jesus Christ, up to death to provide salvation for His enemies Romans 5:8-11; Ephesians 2:12-13; Colossians 1:20-22; Titus 3:3-7; 1 John 4:9-10. God’s plan of redemption from eternity past centers on His essential nature of love. It was this love that conceived the plan of redemption in Christ, and it was in Christ that God gave Himself Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:23; John 3:16.

7. God the Father is truth; Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalms 31:5; Isaiah 65:16. Truth in this respect means not merely ethical truth, but truth in all its fullness and scope, pure from all error or falsehood, Numbers 23:19; 1 Samuel 15:29; Psalm 146:5-6; Isaiah 55:8-11; 2 Timothy 2:13; Titus 1:2; Hebrews 6:17-18; 10:23. Jesus Christ is the perfect expression of the truth that is God’s nature, John 14:6, Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. As the perfect expression of the truth that is God’s nature, Jesus is the only way by which anyone can come to God. He is the way to God because He is the truth of God John 1:14, and the life of God 1:4; John 3:15-16; 11:25. Every promise of God is fulfilled in Christ 2 Corinthians 1:19-20.

8. God the Father is holy; Holy means absolute purity of nature. This is a characteristic unique to the nature of God, Exodus 15:11; 1 Samuel 2:2; Isaiah 6:1-3. Holiness belongs to God as Divine and He would not be God without it. In that respect there is none holy like the Lord, as in 1 Samuel 2:2. Holiness is basically a term for the moral excellence of God, Habakkuk 1:13. God is so perfectly holy He could not look upon His son, Jesus Christ, on the cross where He died as the sin offering for all mankind, Isaiah 53:1-12; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Galatians 3:13; Ephesians 5:2. Jesus on the cross bore the sin of all men, but God could not look upon sin even if it was borne by His Son, and at that moment in time Jesus experienced the abandonment and despair of being separated from God as punishment for sin, Matthew 27:45-46.

9. God the Father is unchangeable; Numbers 23:19, ‘God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?’ Psalms 102:27; 119:89; Malachi 3:6; Romans 11:29; 2 Timothy 2:13; Hebrews 6:17-18; 13:8; James 1:17; 1 John 1:5. God is unchanging in His eternal plan of salvation toward His creation. When Moses asked Him His name, God replied, “I AM THAT I AM”, Exodus 3:14. The literal meaning of what God says here is “I WILL BE WHAT I WILL BE”. He is the God who is, and will be the same as He has always been in the past … “the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, the God of Jacob …” Exodus 3:15; 6:3.

10. God the Father is a consuming fire; Hebrews 12:29, ‘For our God is a consuming fire’. This underlines the retributive aspect of the His divine nature. It is a warning to Christians against rejecting Christ, verse 12-29. If severe punishment fell upon those who rejected God in the Old Testament, how much more the punishment of those who fail God’s grace in Christ in the New Testament. So here Christians are being exhorted and perfect themselves spiritually and walk in the way God has ordained for them to be partakers of His holiness verse 9-11 with Proverbs 4:25-27; Ephesians 1:4. Strong Christians must never exhibit any spiritual slackness, so that weaker Christians may be encouraged and strengthened in their faith, Isaiah 35:3-4. Esau is used in verse 16-17 in Hebrews 12 to warn Christians against rejecting God after being recipients of His good things, Hebrews 6:4-6; 10:26-31; 2 Peter 2:20-22. Esau was an example of a profane person, one who lacks an affinity to God Genesis 25:27-34; 27:30-40.

IN CONCLUSION:

Our Father is God almighty, the living Father. So the Father is our 'God'. He is the Father and 'God' of Jesus Christ. John 20:17, “My Father and your Father, My God and your God”. Please read the previous lines again - this is very important to understand. God the Father's Spirit is also in Jesus Christ. See my Bible study on 'God and Man'. The Bible refers to the Father as God, 22 times in Scripture verses. Jesus referred to the Father 23 places in the New Testament. He is the beginning of everything that exists. A father is one that starts life. When we think of God the Father we must not think that He is invisible but we must think merely of distance. Jesus said in John 16:10b, "I go to My Father and you see Me no More". When the Bible normally refers to 'God' in the New Testament it refers to 'God the Father'. Read Luke 8:1; John 14:1, Jesus said, “Believe in God believe also in Me - in my Father’s house are many mansions”. God the Father was before time ever started, and He will be forever. God the Father is at this moment seated in heaven on His Throne, Mark 16:19, 'So then, after the Lord had spoken to them, He was received up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God". Remember Jesus said that He is going to His Father, Hebrews 1:3; 1 Peter 3:22; Romans 8:34; Ephesians 1:20; Colossians 3:1; Acts 7:56; Revelation 20:11. We read in Ephesians 1:17, "That the 'God' of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him".

Paul writes about a natural body and a spiritual body, read 1 Corinthians 15:35 - 49. Read also 2 Corinthians 5:1 - 10. God the Father has a glorified body, like Jesus has when he was taken up into Heaven, read Luke 24:36 - 51. When Stephen was stoned and died he said, "Look, I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God", Acts 7:54 - 60. If They were one in body, how could Stephen have seen two separate persons. Jesus said to them in John 1:18, "No one has seen God at any time". This does not mean that no one will ever see God. Al the true believers will one day see God the Father, Jesus will introduce us to God the Father at the 'Marriage Feast of the Lamb'. Read my Bible study on 'the Marriage Feast'. Jesus indicated that He saw the Father who has sent Him, "Not that anyone has seen the Father, except He who is from God; He has seen the Father", John 6:46. Moses saw the Father from behind.

GOD THE FATHER HAS HIS OWN BODY, SOUL AND SPIRIT:

THE FATHER HAS A SPIRIT BODY:

The Bible does not teach anywhere that God the Father alone of all beings in the universe does not have a body. We also read in 1 Corinthians 11:7, 'For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, since he is the image and glory of God'. The Greek word used here for 'image' is "eikon" which means, bodily profile or statue. If man was made to the image and likeness of God bodily, then God must have a body, and an outward form and shape. Genesis 1:26, 'Then God said, "Let us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness". The Hebrew word for 'image', "Tselem", means 'shape or body'. There is no question about man be made in the moral and spiritual likeness of God, but none of the above passages refer to this idea. God the Father is a male Person. How can a person be a Father if He is not a male. Jesus, while on earth referred to His Father in heaven in more than 40 Scripture verses in the New Testament. Moses talked with God face to face, Exodus 19:3, 'Moses went up to God, on the mountain'. Exodus 33:18 - 23, "You cannot see My face", "You shall see My back", etc. Daniel saw both God the Father and the Son of man as two separate beings at the same time and at the same place. God the Father was on the throne and had white clothes, and His hair was white. The Son of man had a body, and clothes, and hair on His head, Daniel 7:9 - 14; Daniel 10:5 - 6. So we believe that God the Father has a spirit body like Jesus had after His resurrection from the dead, Luke 24:36 - 43. He had a tangible spirit body of flesh and bone. With the same body Jesus could walk through doors, John 20:19. Angels also have spirit bodies. If you do not agree with the above I think that it is time that you take your Bible and study it properly. Paul writes about a 'natural body' and a 'spiritual body', 1 Corinthians 15:35 - 49.

THE FATHER HAS A SOUL:

The soul of a person is the life in his body, the seat of his affections, emotions, appetites, desires and all his feelings. God has feelings like any other being or person on earth. "My soul shall have no pleasure in Him", Hebrews 10:38. God's soul is capable of feelings and grief, Genesis 6:6. Anger, 1 Kings 11:9. Jealousy, Exodus 20:5. Love, John 3:16, and many more as described in the Bible.

THE FATHER HAS A SPIRIT:

The Spirit of the Father is the Holy Spirit, John 15:26, ‘But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me: Genesis 1:2. The Spirit of the Father is not restricted like man’s to a body only - the Holy Spirit is every- where, all over - omni present. The Bible teaches that the Holy Spirit is God the Father’s Spirit, Exodus  31:3. “God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and in truth”, John 4:24. Today, the Holy Spirit is representing the Father - Himself and Jesus Christ here on earth. The Holy Spirit conceived Jesus in the womb of Mary, by this - Jesus is the Son of God, Matthew 1:18. The Holy Spirit raised Jesus from the dead as in Romans 8:8 - 16. The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father, read Matthew 10:20 and John 16:7 - 14.

                                                                                   Compiled by: Chris Mengel Snr.

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