THE HISTORY OF OUR BIBLE
The born again person will have a natural desire to read the Bible and to search the Scriptures. God did not give certain people the gift to memorize or have more Scriptural knowledge. The secret is; the more you search the Scriptures the more you will know. Remember God deals with man through man’ conscience and He knows our motive. John 7:38, "He who believes in Me, as the Scriptures has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living waters". Luke 24:45, He opened their understanding, that they might comprehend the Scriptures.
Paul said to Timothy; "All Scriptures is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work", 2 Timothy 3:16. This does not mean all different translations of the Bible, make sure you are going to use the right translation. The Holy Spirit revive the contents of the Scriptures in our hearts. Some ignorant people refer to the tangible book as the "Word of God", the Word is in the contents of the Bible. The sooner you accept this statement the faster you will grow in the knowledge of the Scriptures. We must accept everything the Bible teach, not just certain teachings. If your minister or pastor teach something which is not what the Scriptures teach and you accept this, you will be judged in the future by this very same Bible, not him or her. Are you in a situation where you can recognize the truth. John 8:32, "And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free". If we do not know the truth, how can we be made free.
Hosea 4:6, "My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge". Matthew 22:29, "You are mistaken, not knowing the Scriptures nor the power of God". Also, Mark 12:24; 1 Corinthians 15:34b, "For some do not have the knowledge of God. I speak this to your shame".
How to study the Bible: Do not read the Bible, study the Bible. Every time before you even attempt to study the Bible, pray and ask God the Father in the name of Jesus Christ for Scriptural wisdom and knowledge. James 1:5, "If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all liberally and without reproach, and it will be given to him".
* The first Book in the Bible you must study is the Gospel according to John.
* The second Book in the Bible you must study is the Gospel according to Luke.
* The third Book is The Acts of the Apostles, which is the extension of the Gospel of Luke.
a. Underline the verses which the Holy Spirit bring to your attention.
b. Make margin notes in your Bible to be able to link other Scripture verses.
Example: If you can remember this verse about love, John 3:16, "For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son", this will be your key verse on love. All other Scripture verses about love can be linked from here to the next and then the next. John 13:34, "A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another". John 15:12, "This is My commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you". Romans 13:9c. "You shall love your neighbor as yourself". 1 Corinthians 13, the chapter of love. 1 John 4:7 - 18, "Beloved let us love one another". etc.
c. We sometimes hear people say, "the Bible can be interpreted and seen in many ways". People use this as an excuse because of them clinging to traditional doctrine and the way they want to enrich themselves or to sooth their own conscience. There are two main categories in Scripture; Teaching and Doctrine. More on this subject can be read in my Bible study on "New wine in new bags". We can never change doctrine without affecting our relationship with God, these are facts. The person that is in full time ministry will know what I mean. Does God answer their prayers. Teaching is to give someone knowledge or wisdom. The Bible also teach God’s, past, present and future dealings with man.
1. The inspiration. 2 Timothy 3:16a. "All Scripture is given by inspiration of God".
Romans 15:4. "For whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we through the patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have hope".
2. The reference. The word Bible has its origin from the Greek word "biblia" which means; books.
3. Language of the Bible. The Old Testament was written in Hebrew with a few chapters in Aramaic. The New Testament with the exception of Matthew was written in "Koine" Greek. Matthew was written in Aramaic because Matthew was a Jew, this book was translated into Greek at a later stage. Aramaic was the language spoken by Jesus when He was on earth. The oldest known language spoken on earth was "Sumerian", this was 4500 BC, this was also the first written language on amulets.
4. Who wrote the Bible? The Bible was written by 40 people over a period of 1600 years.
The Bible was the first handwritten and printed Book in the world and is still the most popular Book that has the highest sales.
5. Divisions of the Bible. There are 66 Books and 2 main divisions in our Bible.
5.1 The Old Testament. Consisting of 39 Books. Divided into 5 sub - divisions.
1. The five Books of Moses "Pentateuch"- Genesis to Deuteronomy.
2. The twelve historical Books - Joshua to Esther.
3. The five poetical Books - Job to Songs of Solomon.
4. The five Books of the major Prophets - Isaiah to Daniel.
5. The twelve Books of the minor Prophets - Hosea to Malachi.
5.2 The New Testament. Consisting of 27 Books. Divided into 5 sub - divisions.
1. The four Gospels - Matthew to John.
2. The Christian historical Book - The Acts.
3. The fourteen Epistles of Paul - Romans to Hebrews.
4. The seven general Epistles - James to Jude.
5. The prophetical Book - The Revelation.
5.3 Old Testament. 39 - Books.
|The five Books of Moses.||Written||Author|
|1. Genesis. 50 Chapters.||1689 BC.||Moses.|
|2. Exodus. 40.||1500 BC.||Moses.|
|3. Leviticus. 27.||1491 BC.||Moses.|
|4. Numbers. 36.||1490 BC.||Moses.|
|5. Deuteronomy. 34.||1451 BC.||Moses.|
|The twelve historical Books.||Written||Author|
|6. Joshua. 24 Chapters.||1350 BC.||Joshua|
|7. Judges. 21||1050 BC.||Unknown.|
8. Ruth. 4.
|9. 1 Samuel. 31.||950 BC.||Unknown.|
|10. 2 Samuel. 24.||950 BC.||Unknown.|
|11.1 Kings. 22.||590 BC.||Unknown.|
|12. 2 Kings. 25.||590 BC.||Unknown.|
|13. 1 Chronicals. 29.||1015 BC.||Unknown.|
|14. 2 Chronicals. 36.||1005 BC.||Unknown.|
|15. Ezra. 10.||500 BC.||Ezra.|
|16. Nehemiah. 13.||450 BC.||Nehemiah.|
|17. Esther. 10.||450 BC.||Unknown.|
|The five poetical Books.||Written||Author|
|18. Job. 42 Chapters.||1000 BC.||Unknown.|
|19. Psalms. 150.||1000 BC.||David and others.|
|20. Proverbs. 31.||1000 BC.||Solomon and others.|
|21. Ecclesiastes. 12.||1000 BC.||Solomon.|
|22. The Song of Solomon. 8.||1000 BC.||Solomon.|
|The five Books of the major Prophets.||Written||Author|
|23. Isaiah. 66 Chapters.||700 BC.||Isaiah.|
|24. Jeremiah. 52.||600 BC.||Jeremiah.|
|25. Lamentations. 5.||550 BC.||Jeremiah.|
|26. Ezekiel. 48.||590 BC.||Ezekiel.|
|27. Daniel. 12.||600 BC.||Daniel.|
|The twelve Books of the minor Prophets.||Written||Author|
|28. Hosea. 14 Chapters.||750 BC.||Hosea.|
|29. Joel. 3.||850 BC.||Joel.|
|30. Amos. 9.||750 BC.||Amos.|
|31. Obadiah. 1.||550 BC.||Obadiah.|
|32. Jonah. 4.||750 BC.||Jonah.|
|33. Micah. 7.||750 BC.||Micah.|
|34. Nahum. 3.||650 BC.||Nahum.|
|35. Habakkuk. 3.||650 BC.||Habakkuk.|
|36. Zephaniah. 3.||650 BC.||Zephaniah.|
|37. Haggai. 2.||550 BC.||Haggai.|
|38. Zechariah.14||550 BC.||Zechariah.|
|39. Malachi. 4.||400 BC.||Malachi.|
5.4 New Testament. 27 - Books.
|The four Gospels.||Written||Author|
|40. Matthew. 28 Chapters.||50 AD.||Matthew.|
|41. Mark. 16.||65 AD.||Mark.|
|42. Luke. 24.||65 AD.||Luke.|
|43. John. 21.||85 AD.||John.|
The Christian Church historical Book.
|44. The Acts. 28 Chapters.||
|The fourteen Epistles of Paul.||Written||Author|
|45. Romans. 16 Chapters.||58 AD.||Paul.|
|46. 1 Corinthians. 16.||58 AD.||Paul.|
|47. 2 Corinthians. 13.||60 AD.||Paul.|
|48. Galatians. 6.||55 AD.||Paul.|
|49. Ephesians. 6.||60 AD.||Paul.|
|50. Philippians. 4.||60 AD.||Paul.|
|51. Colossians. 4.||60 AD.||Paul.|
|52. 1 Thessalonians. 5.||52 AD.||Paul.|
|53. 2 Thessalonians. 3.||53 AD.||Paul.|
|54. 1 Timothy. 6.||65 AD.||Paul.|
|55. 2 Timothy. 4.||68 AD.||Paul.|
|56. Titus. 3.||65 AD.||Paul.|
|57. Philemon. 1.||60 AD.||Paul.|
|58. Hebrews. 13.||65 AD.||Paul.|
|The seven general Epistles.||Written||Author|
|59. James. 5 Chapters.||50 AD.||James.|
|60. 1 Peter. 5.||60 AD.||Peter.|
|61. 2 Peter. 3.||66 AD.||Peter.|
|62. 1 John. 5.||90 AD.||John.|
|63. 2 John. 1.||90 AD.||John.|
|64. 3 John. 1.||90 AD.||John.|
|65. Jude. 1.||68 AD.||Jude.|
The prophetical Book.
|66. Revelation. 22 Chapters||
6. Facts of the Bible.
Books - 1,189 chapters - 929 chapters in the Old Testament and 260 chapters in the New Testament - 31,214 verses - 773,746 words and then 3,566,480 letters
The longest verse - Esther 8:9. The shortest verse - John 11:35.
The middle Book - Micah. The middle verse- Psalm 118:8.
The shortest chapter - Psalm 117. The longest chapter - Psalm 119.
The shortest Book - 2 nd Epistle of John. The longest book - Psalms
7.1 The books of the Apocrypha was added in some of the old Roman Catholic Bibles. These books are not found in most of the modern day Bibles.
word Apocrypha means : ‘hidden’. These books were added between Malachi and
The First Book of Esdras - 9 chapters.
The Second Book of Esdras - 16 chapters.
Tobit - 14 chapters.
Judith - 16 chapters.
5 The Rest of the Chapters of the Book of Esther - 10 chapters.
The Wisdom of Solomon - 19 chapters.
Ecclesiasticus or the Wisdom of Jesus the son of Sirach - 51 chapters.
Baruch - 5 chapters.
A Letter of Jeremiah - 1 chapter.
The Song of the Three - 1 chapter.
Daniel and Susanna - 1 chapter.
Daniel, Bel and the Snake - 1 chapter.
The Prayer of Manasseh - 1 chapter.
The First Book of Maccabees - 16 chapters.
15 The Second Book of Maccabees - 15 chapters
Apocrypha was added to the Books of the Bible by Jerome of the Vulgate, in
Latin, 390 AD. In 1611 AD the King James Bible added the Apocrypha to the Books
of the Bible. In 1885 AD the Apocrypha was removed from the Books of the Bible
because of the non spiritual contents thereof. The books of the Apocrypha was
written 200 BC - 200 AD.
Year - history of the Bible.
Chapters was added to the Bible in the year 1236 AD. The
first English hand written Bible was completed in the year 1380 AD. The
first printed Bible in Latin was completed in the year 1450 AD, this Bible was
referred to as the “Gutenberg Bible”, and measured 450 mm high. The verses
in the Bible was added in the year 1557 AD to the “Geneve Bible” in
Manuscripts and Texts of the Bible.
There are many translations and paraphrases available of the Bible. You
are going to spend many hours and years in the Bible, make sure that you are
going to use the best translation of the Bible. A translation was done from the
original Text. A paraphrase was done from a translation, changed grammatically,
for people to understand. The scribes have re - written and saved the
Manuscripts and Texts of the Bible. Some of the following Manuscripts and Texts
were found on tablets, amulets, parchments and papyrus.
Masoretic Text. This is one of the oldest original Texts of the
Old Testament, and was used as the
basic Text for the Old Testament. The Text is named after a group of scribes who
found, saved and used the same 950 BC. The Text was written in Aramaic.
Kethib. - this means - what was written and is copied from the
Masoretic Text. The Text was written 900 BC with margin notes. The margin notes
was referred to as the “Masora”.
Qere. - this means - to be read, in Aramaic copied from the
Masoretic Text with margin notes that worked like a concordance. This was done
ben Asher Text. 600 BC. One
of the leaders of the Masoretic scribes, Ben Asher, combined the
“Masoretic”, “Ketib” and the “Qere” and referred to this as the
“ben Asher Text”. This Text was the only Text accepted by the Hebrew council
Samaritan Pentateuch. This Manuscript consisted only of the 5
Books of Moses. This was used by the Samaritans and was written in “Paleo
Syriac. This Text was used by most of the Jews 40 AD. The Text was
copied from the Samaritan Pentateuch excluding the book Leviticus.
Peshitta. This Text was referred to as “The Simple Text” done
in Hebrew 464 AD. The Text was seen as an improvement of the Syriac Text.
Samaritan Targums. This is a Aramaic paraphrase of the Samaritan
Septaugint LXX. This is a Text of the Old Testament, translated
into Greek from the Hebrew Text. This translation was done in Alexandria, Greece
300 BC. This Text
seen as the Text used in the temple in Palestine during the time of Jesus.
Vulgate Text. This is a Latin translation of the complete Bible including
the Apocrypha done by Jerome 390
Majority Text. This is a Greek New Testament Text done 100 AD.
This is very much the same as the Textus Receptus.
Codex Vaticanus. This is also a Greek New Testament Text dated 300
AD. The rest of the new Testament after Hebrews 9 = 14 is missing. Translation
done for the Roman Emperor Constantine by Eusebius, who was a follower of the
Egyptian gnostic Origen.
Codex Sinaiticus. In 1844 AD found by Konstantinus von Tischendorf
43 scripts of the Old Testament in Greek dated 400 AD, in ‘n monastery at the
feet of the mount Sinai. He returned later in 1859 AD and found the first
complete New Testament in Greek dated 400 AD translated by Eusebius.
Codex Bezae. New Testament Text with uncompleted Gospels and The
Acts in Latin 500 AD.
Codex Leningradensis. This is the oldest Latin Text of the
complete Bible dated 1008 AD.
Dead Sea Scrolls. Also know as the “Qumran Scrolls”, found at
the town of Qumran. These Manuscript were found in caves at the Dead Sea in 1947
by shepherds. The Dead Sea Scrolls are now classed as the oldest Manuscripts
ever found. The Second eldest, “Nash Papyrus”. The third eldest the “Cairo
Genizia”. These Manuscripts are kept at the Cambridge University Library.
Ugaritic. Found by a Syrian
farmer in 1928 while ploughing his field. He came across a flat rock. This was
the lid of a tomb. Archaeologist where called and this led to the discovery of
the city of “Ugarit”, today called “Ras Shamra”. These Scrolls are also
referred to as the “Baal Cycle”, dated 500 BC.
BIBLIA HEBRAICA. This Text
is based on the ben Asher Text, the Septaugint and the Latin Vulgate - this is
seen to this day as the best Old Testament Text. This is an Old Testament
Manuscript. The King James version and the old Afrikaans translation of the
Bible is based on this Manuscript. This Manuscript is kept in Stuttgard.
Also known as the “Received Text”, the “Traditional” or the
Byzantine Text. This is a Greek New Testament Text and is classed of the best in
the world. This Text is based on 95% of the Greek Manuscripts and was used to
translate the “New King James” translation and the old “Afrikaans”
Nestle – Aland Greek New Testament.
and read with the……..
Bible Society Greek New Testament.
This Text is also referred to as “modern electric” or “critical text”.
The NIV (New International Version) and most of the modern paraphrases come from
this Text. This paraphrased script does not use all the Greek Manuscripts.
Please check and compare some of the important doctrinal statements and you will
was the only begotten son of God the Father, is this what your Bible read
in; John 1:14, 1:18, 3:16,
3:18. God has many sons and daughters but Jesus was conceived by the Holy
Spirit whom makes Jesus God’s only begotten Son.
NB: A list of some of the serious changes and omissions are available.
are many more Manuscript to mention, the above mentioned are important to how
our Bible came to us.
verse duplication in the Bible.
Now you can understand why there are verses in the Old Testament that were
duplicated. Some scribe slipped up.
Kings 19:1 - 14 and Isaiah 37:1 - 14, these verses are word for word the same.
Also see. 2 Chronicles 36:22 - 23
and Ezra 1:1 - 3 same. etc.
are epistles mentioned in the Bible that are not found. Colossians 4:16. What
about the Epistle of Thomas. Some of these manuscripts, example; “Hammadi
Papyri”. Twelve Books where found at the town of “Nag Hammadi” in Egypt by
two brothers in caves and they left these at the “Coptic Museum” in Cairo,
am being asked quite often, which translation I will recommend, with no doubt;
- the “New King James” version. This does not contain all the “thee” and
- the old 1933, 1953, 1954, 1957, 1992 translation.
question is not do we know the Bible - do we know the God of the Bible.
A. Maande van die jaar.
|1. Januarie||Tebet X 29 dae||Ester 2 = 16|
|2. Februarie||Sebat XI 30 dae||Sagaria 1 = 7|
|3. Maart||Adar XII 29 dae||Ester 3 = 7|
|4. April||Nissan I 30 dae||Ester 3 = 7|
|5. Mei||Sif II 29 dae||1 Konings 6 = 1|
|6. Junie||Siwan III 30 dae||Ester 8 = 9|
|7. Julie||Tammus IV 29 dae||Sagaria 8 = 19|
|8. Augustus||Ab V 30 dae||Esra 7 = 9|
|9. September||Elul VI 29 dae||Nehemia 6 = 15|
|10. Oktober||Etanim VII 30 dae||1 Konings 8 = 2|
|11. November||Bull Vll 29 dae||1 Konings 6 = 38|
|12. December||Kuslew lX 30 dae||Nehamia 1 = 1|
B. Tyd in die Ou Testament.
|1. Eerste waak||6 uur - middernag.||Klaagliedere 2 = 19|
|2. Middelste nagwag||middernag - 3 uur in die môre.||Rigters 7 = 19|
|3. Môrewag||3 uur - 6 uur in die môre.||Exodus 14 = 24|
C. Tyd in die Nuwe Testament.
|1. Eerste waak||6 uur - 9 uur in die aand - nagwaak.|
|2. Tweede waak||9 uur - 12 uur in die aand - middernag.|
|3. Derde waak||12 uur - 3 uur in die môre - hanekraai.|
|4. Vierde waak||3 uur - 6 uur in die môre - oggend.|
D. Lengtemate van die Bybel.
|1. Vinger||2.5cm||Jeremia 52 = 21|
|2. Handbreedte||7 sentimeter||Exodus 25 = 25|
|3. Span||5 sentimeter||Exodus 39 = 9|
|4. EL||1.5 meter||Genesis 6 = 15|
|5. Vaam||4 el||Handelinge 27 = 28|
|6. Meetroede||1.5 vaam - 3.3 m||Esegiel 40 = 3,4|
|7. Linnetou||13.3 meetroedes - 40 m||Esegiel 40 = 3|
|8. Akker||.5 hektaar||Jesaja 5 = 8|
|9. Morg||1 hektaar||Jesaja 5 = 10|
|10. Myl||1.6 kilometer of 7 stadië||Johannes 6 = 19|
|11. 200 myl||1400 stadië||Openbaring 14 = 20|
|12. 1500 myl||10500 stadië||Openbaring 21 = 16|
|13. 1 Dagreis||30 km||Numeri 10 = 33, Jona 3 = 3|
|14. 1 Stadium||180 m||Johannes 6 = 19|
E. Inhoudsmate van die Bybel.
|1. Log||.5 liter||Levitikus 14 = 10|
|2. Hin||4 liter||Levitikus 19 = 34|
|3. Bat||22 liter||Esegiel 45 = 10|
|4. 2000 bat||44000 liter||I Konings 7 = 26|
|5. Anker||15 liter||Johannes 2 = 6|
|6. 6 Klipwaterkanne||95 liter||Johannes 2 = 6|
|7. Efa||1 bat - 22 liter||Jesaja 5 = 10|
|8. Homer||10 bat - 220 liter||Esegiel 45 = 14|
|9. Kor||10 efa - 220 liter||Esegiel 45 = 14|
|10. Kab||57gram||2 Konings 6 = 25|
|11. Gomer||2 liter||Exodus 16 = 36|
|12. Maat||5 liter||Mattheus 13 = 33|
F. Gewigte van die Bybel.
|1. 1 x Talent||60kg|
|2. 1 x Mina||1kg|
|3. 1 x Sikkel||16.5g|
|4. 1 x Beka||.5 sikkel|
|5. 1 x Gera||20% van sikkel|
|6. 50 x sikkels||1 x mina|
|7. 1 x Pond, Romeinse||.325kg|
G. Munte van die Bybel.
|1. Gera||6g silwer||Exodus 30 = 13|
|2. Beka||6g goud||Exodus 28 = 26|
|3. Sikkel||113g goud||Exodus 30 = 13|
|4. Stater||1 x silwer muntstuk||Mattheus 17 = 27|
|5. 30 x Silwerstukke||30 x silwer muntstukke||Mattheus 26 = 15|
|6. 20 x Sikkels||20 x silwer muntstukke||Genisis 37 = 28|
|7. 1 x Oortjie||.5 x sent||Matheus 5 = 26|
|8. .5 x Sikkel||Tempelbelasting||Mattheus 17 = 24|
|9. 1 x Penning||2 x sent||Lukas 15 = 8|
|10. 1 x Stuiwer||1 x sent||Matthues 10 =29|
|11. 1 x Talent goud||R 10 000||1 Kronieke 29 = 4|
|12. 10 x Talente silwer||342kg silwer||2 Konings 5 = 5|
|13. 10 x Talente silwer||1 x miljoen rand||Matthews 18 = 24|
|14. 6000 x Sikkels goud||68kg goud||2 Konings 5 = 5|
|15. 100 x Pennings||R 2||Mattheus 18 = 28|
|16. 300 x Pennings||300 x silwer muntstukke||Markus 14 = 5|
|17. 1 x Pond, Romeinse||1 x Goue muntstuk||Lukas 19 = 13|
|18. 1 x Dariek||342 ton silwer||1 Kronieke 29 = 9|
|19. 1 x Dragme||.5 ton goud||Esra 2 = 6|
H. Kosbare metale van die Bybel.
|1. Goud||Genisis 2 = 11|
|2. Koper||Exodus 38 = 8|
|3. Lood||Exodus 15 = 10|
|4. Silwer||Genisis 23 = 15|
|5. Tin||Numeri 31 = 22|
|6. Yster||Numeri 31 = 22|
Compiled by: Chris Mengel Snr.
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